یافته های روماتولوژیک در بیماران کاندید جراحی های تعویض یا ترمیم دریچه های قلب

Valvular heart diseases are among the frequent causes of cardiac surgery. Some patients have a well known rheumatic condition. Heart valves are fragile connective tissues which are vulnerable to any systemic autoimmune diseases. our findings in this study show immunologic bases for most patients with valvular heart diseases candidate for surgery. Undifferentiated connective tissue diseases may play an important role in the pathophysiology of valvular damage.